Treatments are a combination of three different techniques: deep tissue massage, myofascial release, and neuromuscular techniques. Not only the symptom is treated, but the underlying cause as well. For instance, the aching area might not always coincide with the problem causing area. This is clarified during the initial conversation, the tests and then treated accordingly.
Deep Tissue Massage
This technique consists of deep pressure or friction with gradually increasing intensity, applied in all directions. The deep layers of the muscle tissues get stretched in all directions, which increases the flexibility and releases any tension and stiffness from injuries in muscles, tendons and ligaments, thus, the function is returned to normal. This technique is especially beneficial for releasing chronic muscular tension. . . .
Stiffness in the musculoskeletal system occurs due to inactivity, repetitive motion injury, wrong body posture, physical trauma on the body, disease, deformation caused by aging. Deep tissue massage has a rehabilitation effect on specific problems in the musculoskeletal system, caused by the above-mentioned reasons. As a result, the connective tissue becomes more flexible and elastic and feedback to the nervous system improves the movement patterns in the musculoskeletal system.
(Connective Tissue Treatment)
Technique to increase elasticity and movement capacity of the fascia. Beneficial for releasing adherences, which occur as a result of inflammation from a muscle injury, overuse or connective tissue disease. Adherence can be seen between fascial layers, organs, and muscles. They cause stiff areas to occur, which prevent smooth movements of tissue and organs. Stiffness and distortion pull of the fascia changes the body posture and movements. . . . Myofascial release techniques re-establish the normal state of the fascial network. The fact that fascial network transmits mechanical information throughout the body and connects the different parts of the body, puts an accent on thinking of the body as a whole and not separate one body part from the rest. For example, if there are tension and pain in the hip muscles, there will be tension and pain in the adjacent body parts, such as lower back and thighs and so on. Connective tissue is partly commanded by the autonomous nervous system, therefore it is beneficial to have a calm and peaceful state of mind, in order to maintain an optimal state of the fascial network. To achieve this, it is essential that the whole experience of the therapy is calming, such as listening to calming music in a soothing environment.
Table of Contents
Feedback mechanisms in the nervous and musculoskeletal systems are utilized. Beneficial reflexes are established, which facilitate a longer and more optimal work of the muscles. Through these techniques, the muscle contraction can be inhibited both in the skeletal muscles and in the organs, which means less tension and stiffness. The main neuromuscular technique, utilized in the clinic, is Muscle energy technique (MET). MET has two simultaneous therapeutic objectives: pain modification and enhanced mobility. . . . Pain modification is partially achieved by nociceptive inhibition, via both ascending and descending neurological pathways, following activation of muscle and joint mechanoreceptors during isometric contractions. At the same time, muscle contraction stimulates fluid flow so increasing drainage from interstitial spaces, reducing concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and thereby modulating peripheral pain receptors. It is now also known that during contractions, endogenous pain-inhibiting substances are released, including endocannabinoids, enkephalins, and endorphins [McPartland 2008]. Enhanced mobility is achieved, among other methods through, stretching of the series of elastic components of sarcomeres during isometric contractions, increasing their length, particularly if active or passive stretching follows after MET [Lederman 1997]. A further mechanism involves a reduction in the fluid content of fascial structures following muscle contractions, leading to a temporary increase in the ease of movement of associated muscles or joints [Klingler et al 2004].
MET (Muscle Energy Technique)
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) is a soft-tissue treatment form, in which the patient’s muscles are actively used, on request, in a specific direction, and against a distinctly executed therapist-applied counterforce. The key defining element of MET is the use of an isometric contraction before subsequent stretching or movement of restricted tissues. . . . Muscle energy techniques include 30 sec. activating a muscle, followed by overstretching which stimulates the restorative (parasympaticus) part of the nervous system and restitution state; activating a certain muscle group, while muscles with the opposite function are resting. These techniques work on a deeper level. They help alleviate muscle tension, fascial tension and improve organ function. This technique is especially efficient due to raising the muscle’s reaction threshold to a motoric nerve impulse, which equips the muscle better to cope with stress. And stress is one of the most common reasons for tension and stiffness in the body. Muscle energy techniques were developed for rehabilitation of war veterans with serious injuries on the musculoskeletal and nervous system. These techniques are especially applicable to sensitive areas and give a deeper effect.
Relaxing treatment performed with long and smooth gliding strokes. The pressure is light or medium.
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